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How to best utilize public resources to advance science and technology
Would you invest $1 million to build schools in poor neighborhood or to fund scientific research programs? If the latter, would you fund basic science research or emerging technology development? With increasing complexity and uncertainty, contemporary R&D has staked ever-larger resources, in return facing growing demand for performance and public accountability. We explore the dilemmas and tensions underlying the allocation and management of publicly funded R&D, ultimately aiming to transform the public R&D system into a social institution for public values.
New Paradigm for Public R&D Evaluation
So Young Kim, Gouk Tae Kim, Inkyoung Sun, and Doyoung Lee
With increasing call for a paradigm shift of R&D evaluation from output-oriented to outcome/impact-based, this KISTEP-funded project aims to develop a new "evidence-informed" evaluation system for publicly funded R&D. We are developing models and tools to assess intangible outcomes and broader societal impacts of public R&D in the Korean context.
R&D Planning and Budgeting
So Young Kim and Gouk Tae Kim
Planning and budgeting in the design of R&D policy are increasingly coupled in the age of tighter resource constraints. This research analyzes various proposals for the integration of public R&D strategies with the budget process, looking into issues such as (1) how to ensure the transparency of R&D budget decisions, (2) coordinate various R&D investments across government agencies and departments, (3) balance economic and non-economic rationales for R&D, and (4) manage the conflicts among multiple stakeholders in the R&D funding decision processes.
Digital Governance and the Future Internet
Gouk Tae Kim and So Young Kim
Revisiting fundamental concepts and evolution of digital governance, this project addresses various socio-cultural, political, and policy issues of digital governance and the future Internet as well as on their impacts on the promotion of democratic values in a networked society.
Space Policy: A Case for Big Science
Seorim Lee and So Young Kim
With a series of rocket launch failures and greater public awareness of space issues, scientists, engineers, and policymakers in Korean space development are facing increasing skepticism about funding space programs. This research explores various rationales for governmental funding for big science in an attempt to clarify policy goals and objectives in designing space policy.
International Negotiations for Technical Standards
Joo-Sang Park and So Young Kim
The rise of the so-called knowledge economy has rendered technical standard setting a tremendously important tool for trade and other economic advantages. This project examines the pattern and dynamics of international negotiations for setting standards in RFID technology and derives policy recommendations to improve bargaining power on international forums for technical standards setting.
Varieties of National Innovation
Inkyoung Sun and So Young Kim
Nations and regions vary a great deal in their innovative capacities. Exploring the sources of differences in national institutions for technological innovation, this project derives policy implications for creating an effective eco-system of innovation.
Science ODA in Korean Style
Doyoung Lee and So Young Kim
Korea's remarkable achievements in economic growth and technological development have become a benchmark case for many less developed countries (LDCs) aspiring to modernize their economies. This project examines the evolution of Korea's science ODA policy and assesses its effectiveness in bringing science and technology to LDCs by measuring the degree of successful localization.